La Vall de Mieres
VALLEY OF A VERY SPECIAL GARROTXA
Tailai Iberian settlement and Mieres
This settlement is in the lumber Windows, was discovered by a shepherd, Surrounded Solanellas. It is built on the crest of the mountain range that separates the valley from the windows of the cuvette Llémena Mieres, Be the Valley. Current access is by a dirt road that connects the town of Mieres and the municipality of Sant Aniol de Windows, with some sections emporlanats.En currently the only visible structural element is a quadrangular building, Feta-based stone Posada in sec. The outer wall is a kind of tower and located inside. At the time the set was interpreted as an element defensive role, argued the situation along the access road to the area of habitat (II dated between centuries BC), so that everyone who wanted to get was the face and had to go around, leaving it to the right, operation that was extremely difficult and dangerous for any possible attacker. The topography of the site specific classified as a settlement barrier, Protected basically the same terrain.
It has been recently restored and intervention has not won a ceramic piece that serves to set the date, although, arquebibliogràfiques references reveal a drachma emporitana associated with the main building and a large number of ceramic vintage full Iberian (Segles III-II BC) in adjacent bays interventions made in the seventies. All ceramic material recovered corresponded to the usual dinner time and also paddle some objects belonging to the metallurgical process and stone grinders; however, containers for storage and transport (àmfores) are few in number. So, we can say that the human presence is now fully justified, maybe for a short period of time. However,, however, We can not link directly to the fortified.
On the other hand, establishing a habitat of the Iron Age to the top of a hill in the middle of a ridge with proven strategic visibility, obviously need some protection and control device. If the watchtower that remains today is not the original, little miss and there should not be too far, because they could not document other building structures during excavations in the seventies. Proximity to other parts of medieval watchtower - specifically the castle windows that is a few hundred meters to the east of the ridge itself - suggest a use of course if this was already Palomera, in contrast, any archaeological material recorded with medieval or modern chronology.
Presiding place a sculpture called the Lady Garrotxa artist's work Picolivas, it was a tribute to the eminent archaeologist Girona, Miquel Oliva the Prat.
Church of St. Mary Finnie Mieres
The church of Santa Maria del Fresno is located in the southern end of the term, on the northern side of the Collet Bastarra, the stream water Llémena, a site that focuses on neighborhood population scattered. To get there, take the road that goes under the church of St. Peter Mieres, for the north side. After 200 m., after spending two houses, we find an intersection. Take the left path cart, which then crosses the stream Ruïtlles. This trail follows the ridge to the foot of the Stone of the South. At a junction we climb the path on the left, making detours to reach the neck of stone. In the Coll, the court left, coming around noon and ridge, comes with 500 m. Santa Maria del Fresno.
One of the first documentary mentioned where the church of Santa Maria del Fresno date 972, because of the donations this year count of Besalu Bonfill Bishop Miró made the canonical St. Genis and San Miguel de Besalu, later called Santa Maria. It is clear from this instrument, bisbe Count Miró, at the request of his sister, Countess Ermengarda, and his son Bernard, made significant donations to the canonical, provided that there Ermengarda Bernard and establish a community of canons regular of St. Augustine. Among the many concessions that the said Earl Bishop was the newly founded canonical, There is among many other properties, Sanctae Mariae Church of FRAX, which was ratified once again two years later in the same Miró will Bonfill.
L'annual 998, and at the express request of his successor, Count Bernard Tallaferro, the monastery of Santa Maria Pope Gregory V received confirmation of a bull goods, which again mention among its Properties …Tithes and first-fruits of the Church of St Mary of which is in the Fraxis with the oblations of his or. Count Bernard Tallaferro, that during his government had a special predilection for the Augustinian canon of St. Mary, which always gave his support, issued in 1000 a letter of confirmation of goods in their favor, where there is also deeded to the church …Sancta Maria sita in villa Fraxis.
Ja al segle XIII, in relation to the Tithe churches contributing to the support of the Crusades, years is contained 1279 i 1280, Fraxano of the Ecclesia and the Ecclesia of Fraxino, respectively. In the fourteenth century, Temple of Sancta Maria Fraxino contained in the Green Paper of Girona, Date of the 1362; later, to the nomenclatures of the late diocesan, s'esmenta l'parrochialis Ecclesia Sancta Marie Fraxino. Although a new documentary shows that in 1392, King Juan I of Aragon-Catalonia, sold four days in June and Hugh Ademar de Santa Pau freehold, all that had jurisdiction in several parishes and terms, which include the Santa Maria del Fresno, the total amount of 5.000 florins; The paper notes that this sale was made to the Baron of St. Paul in compensation to the financial aid was given to the monarch for the conquest of Sicily. Between 1426 i 1427, took place some large earthquakes, that destroyed much of the church of St. Peter, Pilgrimage, San Andres Ruïtlles, all of Mieres, of the turn and Falgons.
L'historian Jaume Vicens, in the history of Remensa, recounts a violent event occurred in the church. Era un diumenge de 1497, when a priest celebrated Mass, gunmen stormed inside shooting arrows and wounding the celebrant, and many of them are nailed to the altar that was behind the altar. In an inventory dating from 1721, made the existence of this altarpiece, paintings depicting the Virgin Mary, center, Santa Anna, a la dreta i Santa Margarida, left. In the guestbook pastoral diocesan archives Girona, number 1, There is evidence, first, pastoral visit of the year 1314, feta pel bisbe de Girona, after visiting Mieres. On this page 10 llibre the number 61, also appears in another pastoral visit 1573. Another was conducted 1838 Matthew Bishop Florencio Lorente and that goes to this place, in pastoral visit, accompanied by Rector Mieres and two vicars. According to the bishop told the Bulletin, Church of Fresno became small for the large crowd attending the ceremony. Until the end of the last century, The Rector lived in the house the Hermit, rectory house, located next to the beautiful church. At the beginning of the century, Mn. Calm and Miquel Bassols, Recently visited pages rector, already had residence Mieres. Civil war Finida espanyola, the Mn mierenc. Joan Vilar, the manor Borbella, he exercised his ministry for a few years, as manager, of the Mieres. With its absence, The church fell into neglect full, to date, after major restoration work carried out. The solemn inauguration took place on 27 April 2003, with large attendance of the faithful.